The 9K119 "Reflex" guided weapon system is designed for effective firing from a cannon guided missiles at tanks and other armored targets of the enemy, as well as for firing at small targets (DOT, DZOT), from place and on the move at carrier speeds up to 70km/h, at ranges up to 5000m.
The complex was created in the Instrument-Making Design Bureau (Tula), successfully passed the tests and was adopted for service in 1985.
Based on the progress made in electronics and rocket technology for a decade since the beginning of work on the "Cobra", the designers of the KBP managed to significantly reduce the mass and dimensional characteristics of the new missile by fitting it into the bypasses of the conventional shrapnel-phase projectile 3VOF26 for 125-mm gun. There was no need to operate the missile in the form of two blocks and, consequently, there were no problems associated with their automated docking. The new complex can be used on fourth generation tanks regardless of the automatic reloading system circuitry.
The works on upgrading of the 9K119 system started almost simultaneously with the adoption of the system. As a result of this work, the complex was equipped with a tandem cumulative combat unit. The designers managed to increase the combat capabilities of the missile practically without changing the mass and dimensional characteristics of the new SUBK20 guided shot as compared to the previously created SUBK14. The upgraded complex was designated 9K119M.
At present, the complex is part of the standard armament of T-80U, T-80UD, T-84, T-72AG, T-90 tanks and is offered for export.
In the west, the complex was designated AT-11 "Sniper" (9K119M - AT-11 "Sniper-B").
The 9K119 guided tank armament complex includes the following elements:
- guided missile 9M119 (9M119M);
- information block 9C516;
- automation unit 9C517;
- voltage converter 9C831.
The SUBK14 (SUBK20 for 9M119M) Separate Charge Shot (SUBK20 for 9M119M) is divided into 9M119 missile and 9X949 throwing device, the dimensions of which correspond to a cartridge case with an uncontrollable charge (see photo1, photo2, photo3). Overload restrictions did not allow the throwing device to be completely filled with gunpowder - a significant part of its length is occupied by a spring-loaded rod with a pallet. The free volume had a positive impact on the internal ballistics of the missile ejection process from the barrel, reducing the peak overload values.
The 9M119 missile is based on the aerodynamic "duck" pattern with additional stabilizers in the nose section of the hull.
The central location of the solid propellant engine with the front location of two oblique nozzles, along with an acceptable level of interference to the device receiving laser radiation provides a minimum shift of the pressure center and, accordingly, an approximate constancy of the dynamic characteristics of the missile as the fuel burnout. When it is blown up, the cumulative jet passes through a pipe laid along the axis of the solid fuel engine, which also provides the installation of electrical communication cables of the front compartments with the steering drive elements located in them with the tail compartment in which the equipment receiving laser radiation.
Pentagonal in plan, the four wing consoles are curved clockwise at the sight of the rocket toe.
Guidance system - semi-automatic by laser beam. The laser beam directed at the target is received by a receiver mounted on the missile and oriented towards the opposite target, which ensures high interference immunity of the complex.
|Range of fire, m||75-5000|
|Flight time at maximum range, s||14.2|
|Total weight of the shot Nibbler 14, kg||24.3|
|Weight of rocket 9M119M, kg||17.2|
|Weight BC, kg||4.5|
|Armor penetration at an angle of 90°, mm||700 -750|
|Armor penetration at 90° behind dynamic armor, mm||650-700|
|Probability of hitting a target like a tank moving at 30km/hour||0.8|
|Type of launcher||2A46M gun|
According to various data, apart from Russia, the Redoubt complex is armed with the coastal units of the following countries:
- Syria - 1 Battalion (18 SSU)
- Yugoslavia - several batteries
Nothing is yet known about the combat use of the Redoubt complex.
The Redoubt complex, despite its shortcomings, is still a powerful weapon of coastal units.
- Р.Д.Ангельский "Отечественные противотанковые комплексы" -М: ООО "Издательство Астрель", 2002,-192с.