Gyurza 9A34A SAM is a short-range air defense weapon. It is designed to directly cover the troops when on the spot, on the move and in battle against attacks of various means of air attack, including small-size ones. The combat capabilities of the complex provide combat against low-flying aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles and remotely manned aircraft.
The Gyurza SAM system is based on the Strela-10M anti-aircraft missile system. Modernized fighting vehicle (BM) of the new complex, unlike the basic version, is able to conduct 24-hour combat work. In addition, the availability of new optical and electronic reconnaissance and control means allows the exchange of information between the combat vehicles of the anti-aircraft unit, as well as remote control of the combat process when repulsing enemy air strikes.
The main developer of the complex is the Nudelman Precision Engineering Design Bureau.
The development of the Gyurza anti-aircraft missile system is one of the real answers to the increased requirements for the survivability of air defense assets under conditions of active fire and electronic suppression by the enemy.
A significant increase in the efficiency of the Gyurza anti-aircraft system was achieved by equipping the combat vehicle with a passive infrared L-136 airborne target detection station (MAK-F) and a digital computer system. This ensured real-time processing of target designation information, filtration of detected target markings from radio electronic interference, as well as prelaunch preparation of the combat vehicle before the launch of the anti-aircraft missile.
The digital computing system of the complex (the commander's console and two computing units) provides an automated solution to a wide range of tasks, including:
- detection, selection and tracking of various air targets;
- pointing the launcher and launching anti-aircraft guided missiles;
- receiving and implementing external target designation;
- command and control of combat operations of a unit consisting of up to 6 Gyurza combat vehicles.
The commander's remote provides, in particular:
- implementation of combat vehicle operation algorithms in standard and automated modes;
- display of graphic and alphanumeric information on the condition of combat vehicles, meteorological (background) and air (target) situations;
- circulation of these information within the system;
- processing of the target designation received from the command post of an anti-aircraft unit or other (lead) combat vehicle;
- organizing information exchange between combat vehicles within an anti-aircraft unit;
- combat design training and functional control of the combat vehicle.
As a result of equipping the Gyurza SAM system with the said reconnaissance and combat automation means, up to thirty air targets are escorted by one combat vehicle, the range of their detection is increased (at a distance of 3-4 km the type of air target is identified by its silhouette), the reaction time of the complex is reduced, the possibility of distributed control is realized, etc.
The complex is based on a multi-purpose tracked tractor-transporter (MTLB). Due to the low specific pressure on the ground, the vehicle is able to move on roads with low bearing capacity, including bogs, snow virgin lands and sandy terrain, as well as to overcome water obstacles in swimming. The undercarriage with independent torsion suspension and hydraulic shock absorbers provides good maneuverability and high smooth running. This, in turn, has a beneficial effect on accuracy of shooting and durability of the launcher.
|Air Target Detection Station L-136|
|Detection area by distance (F-15 type target), km||10..15|
|Zone of detection by angle of place, degree.||0..30|
|Azimuth detection area, degree.||360|
|View time, sec||1.1|
|Errors in measurement, min||15..20|
|Input power, kW||1.3|
|Maximum speed on the highway, km/h.||60|
|Maximum speed on water, km/h||6|
In the period from October 10, 1969 to December 20, 1969, at the P6766 substation enterprise, the "cassette warfare unit for antipersonnel mining to the "Partizan" system was tested (subject MKV2-6I-69)". See photo.
See also the Conclusion on the results of the tests of the upgraded Grad-P mobile jet system. (cipher - "Partisan")
Alekseev Alexander Timofeyevich, worker of the Central KIB SOO Alekseev took part in the creation of the launch unit 9P132.