Technical characteristics of 122 mm caliber rockets
|Ordnance index||M-21 ROM||M-21 SIM|
|Useful load||radar reflectors||light elements|
|Maximum range, m||18000||19000|
|Minimum range, m||4000||4100|
|Speed at the end of the active section of the trajectory, m/s||600-690||600-690|
|Time of flight, s||51||53|
|Operating temperature range,ºC||-40 – +50||-40 – +50|
These M-21 122 mm rockets were specially designed to train the calculations of anti-aircraft missile systems. There are two versions of the projectiles: the M-21 ROM radar index and the M-21 SIM illumination index. They are designed for firing from the RPU-91B rocket launcher.
These training rounds are promoted on the armament market by the Bulgarian company Kintex SHC and may be produced by VMZ (Vazovski Mashinostroitelni Zavodi - Vazovski Mashinostroitelni Zavodi). The time of work and the current status are unknown.
The design of these two training shells includes identical rocket engines with a fuel weight of 20.45 kg RSI-12M.
The design of the M-21 ROM radar unguided missile head unit includes steel and copper reflectors (reflectors) placed inside the fiberglass head unit. The elements are combined in such a way that it is possible to provide a radar reflective surface with the area of more than 0.5 m2. It is possible to include a self-liquidation mechanism into the structure, which actuates after a period of time from 3 to 5 seconds.
The head of the M-21 SIM projectile emits light signals in order to simulate air targets emitting infrared radiation. For this purpose, a pyrotechnic composition is used, which flows through a series of nozzle holes located almost behind the ogival part of the head of the projectile. The inertial flammable composition will burn for 60 seconds with a full imitation of the sound of a low-flying air target. The pyrotechnic compartment weighs 19.9 kg and is 749 mm long.
Cassette head projectile variant
|Head end equipment||6 anti-tank mines TMD 1|
|Weight of the mine, kg||2|
|Height of the mine, mm||135|
|Mine diameter, mm||112|
|Fuse type||magnetic/contact, with 6 self-liquidation periods of 2 to 96 hours|